SPRINGTIME IN TASMANIA - PART 8

KUNZEA AMBIGUA                    Myrtaceae

Kunzea ambigua

Information courtesy Launceston field Naturalists Club

There are several species of Kunzea in southern Australia; many of those from the mainland have attractive yellow or pink-purple flowers. At Kosciusko (NSW) the yellow K. muelleri puts on a magnificent display in mid-summer.  Kunzea ericoides is an attractive fast-growing shrub, but sadly is becoming a serious weed.



A white-flowered shrub with long arching branches bearing many sprays of flowers. The
leaves are narrow-linear, dull green, often on short lateral shoots. Flowers solitary in many axils on the main stem or terminal on the short lateral branches crowded into
bottle-brush-like heads, honey scented. Each flower white, with 5 small sepals and petals
and many long white stamens.  Fruit: small leathery capsules, shed before the next
flowering season.

Flowering October-December. Coastal heaths and wet scrub, in the granite country of the east and north-east Tasmania and on Bass Strait Islands.   These shrubs are very easy to propagate from cuttings and prefer open sandy heathland
conditions.   
Tas. Vic. NSW.






Shrub or small tree often flowering when very small.  Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, leathery, 1-4 cm long, veins impressed on upper surface, dark green, fawn underneath with stellate hairs. Flowers small varying from lemon to golden yellow in large heads at the ends of the branches. Individual flowers have 5 hairy sepals, 5 thin yellow upstanding petals, 5 stamens longer than petals, style 3
-lobed protruding from domed nectar disc.
Habitat: widespread on rocky hillsides from the coast to 500m elevation.

Flowering: September- -November.
Cultivation: May be propagated by cuttings.
Fruit: 3 celled capsule containing several brown seeds.



          POMADERRIS ELLIPTICA    Rhamnaceae
             Yellow Dogwood


Pomaderris elliptica

Makes an attractive garden shrub preferring well drained moist soil but   can withstand part shade and periods of dryness once established.     Subject to attack by borers.
Tas Endemic



POMADERRIS APETALA                Rhamnaceae
Dogwood
(Poma lid + derris covering of leather or skin, referring to the valves on the fruit, apetala no petals, referring to the flowers.)

Small tree to 10 m high with smooth grey-brown bark. The juvenile branches and leaves have a dense covering of short, white or grey woolly hairs. A distinguishing feature is the wrinkly surface of the leaves. Dogwood occurs in a wide range of habitats in Tasmania. Flower head is a loose, much - branched panicle up to 20 cm long on the ends of the branches, with many yellow-green flowers 4 mm in diameter. As the scientific name implies the flowers have no petals.
Leaves are 4-20 cm long by 1.5-3 cm wide with venation deeply indented to form a wrinkly surface. The upper surface is dark green and the under surface lighter with a dense covering of woolly hairs.
Seed capsules are brown 2-3  mm in diameter and open by three valves to release the small fine seed.
Easily propagated and establishes quickly by direct seeding.
Flowering time: September - November.
Distribution:  common in the understorey of forests in many parts of the lowlands, often associated with watercourses, but sometimes found in dry places.
Reference the Rivercare Section, Dept. of Primary Industries, Water and Environment.

Pomaderris apetala
Pomaderris leaves
   Upper: Pomaderris elliptica
   Lower:  Pomaderris apetala


     (leaf underside)

Pomaderris paniculata ssp paralla



POMADERRIS PANICULATA
ssp PARALLA

Rhamnaceae

TAS  VIC  S.A.  W.A.



POMADERRIS ORARIA

Rhamnaceae

Coast Pomaderris

TAS  VIC


Pomaderris oraria


      CYPHANTHERA TASMANICA                    Solanaceae
      Tasmanian Ray Flower

Cyphanthera tasmanica
A grey-green shrub which is more or less densely covered with tiny hairs. The showy flowers are creamy white with purple stripes in the centre.

This is an unusual member of the potato family, and varies from a lush fleshy shrub in protected areas to a harsh scruffy shrub in exposed coastal sites. The leaves have a rough sandpaper-like feel because of microscopic hairs.
Flowering in spring. Rare but occasionally abundant, usually on rocky sites.
Cultivation: easy to grow from cuttings but forms into a straggly shrub unless carefully pruned.

Note: This species is restricted to Tasmania. Until recently it was known as Anthocercis tasmanica.  All nine species of Cyphanthera are found in southern Australia but no others extend to Tasmania.  Several species appear to be much more common after fires, sometimes growing into dense thickets. Very few members of the potato family are native to Tasmania.  Probably the most common is the kangaroo apple, Solanium laciniatum.



PART 1              PART 2            PART 3          PART 4            PART 5     PART 6    PART 7    PART 8

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