Large erect tree to 30 metres with dense crown and dark furrowed bark on trunk. Phyllodes are dull grey-green, elliptical, straight or curved 4-10 cm long,, 10-25 mm wide, with 3-5 prominent longitudinal veins; glands near base. Dense pale yellow heads, globular, of 30-50 flowers on stout stalks 5-10 mm long, solitary or in short racemes of 2-8 heads. Pods flattish, curved or coiled 4-12 cm long, 6-10 mm broad, margins thickened, slightly constricted between seeds. Suckers readily from damaged roots; young leaves bipinnate. A valuable commercial timber which is used extensively for furniture making, panelling and for craftwork. Note: In recent times it's been discovered that the "powder" formed when
working this wood, can be carcinogenic. Therefore special care, such as using a mask, needs to be taken at that time. Once the wood is made up and sealed, it is perfectly safe.
Flowering August - October. Widespread, in wet gullies and forests.
Tas; Vic; NSW; Qld, SA
Information courtesy of Launceston Field Naturalists
Mature seed pods - A. melanoxylon
|Seed pods - A. dealbata
(previously A. verniciflua)
Attractive, profusely flowering shrubby tree to about 5 m. favouring damp habitats and clearings. The phyllodes are light green, narrow and lance-shaped with two prominent veins, shiny and often sticky. Yellow flowers in dense globular heads on short stalks, 2 or 3 per leaf axil. Pods elongated, leathery, constricted between seeds. Flowering early Spring. Propagation from scarified seed.
Tas, SA, Vic, NSW, Qld
|ACACIA MUCRONATA var MUCRONATA
Found only in Tasmania. Variable shrub in height and phyllode form.
Phyllodes may be narrow to lanceolate up to 20 cm.
Profuse creamy-yellow flowers in Spring.
Propagation from scarified seed.
|This spreading wattle heralds the arrival
of Spring, being one of the earliest wattles to flower. It has gone through
many name changes including A. diffusa, cuspidata and prostrata.
Its current name refers to the phyllodes (flattened leaf stalk which takes
the function of a leaf, the true leaf blade being suppressed) having some
similarity to a species of broom, probably Genista anglica.
Acacia genistifolia is a native of Tasmania, NSW and Victoria. It’s a plant that grows in dry sclerophyll habitats and has brilliant yellow ball flowers. Winifred Curtis, the famous botanist, called it A. diffusa and described it as a variable shrub 2-3m high, but it can be either prostrate or upright. The prostrate form has a spread of about 2m. The form comes true from cuttings. The leaves have pungent points, something to remember when pruning or weeding nearby.
(From a talk by Bruce Champion, APS Hobart)
ACACIA SICULIFORMIS Mimosaceae
A small rigid erect shrub with brown stems. Ht.1-3m W.1-2m
Leaves: Tough, small, dagger-shaped, 1-3cm long, sharply pointed phyllodes with a prominent
Flowers: Yellow balls, solitary, axillary, stalkless or stalks to 5mm. Flowering: Spring.
Fruit: A flat pod to 3cm long with seeds arranged lengthwise.
Habitat/Distribution: Restricted to moist rocky areas of the east, north-east and Central Plateau of
Tasmania. Also in Vic and NSW.
Cultivation: A hardy, adaptable plant providing good nesting sites for birds. Propagate from treated
seed or cuttings.
Distinguishing features: Flowers stalkless or with short stalks; flat pods with seeds horizontal or
oblique in pod.
(Compare A. genistifolia which has longer stalks and seeds arranged longitudinally.)
Information Tasmania’s Natural Flora publication.
ACACIA RICEANA Mimosaceae
A tall shrub to small tree. Ht 3-6 m. W. 2-4 m.
Leaves: Phyllodes dark green, mostly in clusters, prominent central vein, 1-3cm long, tapering to a
Flowers: Elongated buds opening to profuse, loose lemon/yellow spikes longer than the phyllodes,
Flowering: Late winter/spring.
Fruit: Long, narrow, curved pod, 4-6cm long. Constricted between the seeds.
Habitat/Distribution: Locally common in shaded, damp gullies of the south.
Cultivation: Adaptable, tolerates part shade, does not tolerate prolonged dry. Propagate from treated
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