SPRINGTIME IN TASMANIA - PART 2

DODONAEA FILIFORMIS                    Sapindaceae
Fine-leaved Hop Bush

Dodonaea
Conspicuous when in fruit this small erect much-branched shrub, 1-2 metres high, has male and female flowers on separate plants. Leaves fine, narrow-linear, crowded, sticky, usually 1-2 cm long. Flowers in small terminal and axiliary groups.  Male flowers with thick oblong stamens, female with 3-lobed ovary. Numerous small papery reddish-brown fruits, usually 3-winged, broader than long.
Flowering:  December. (Mature fruit mostly in Spring).
Usually found on well-drained slopes and on river banks.
Tas endemic
Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club


Dodonaea viscosa ssp spathulata DODONAEA VISCOSA  Sapindaceae
Hop Bush 
 

Erect bushy shrub 5 metres by 1.5 dia. or more. Leaves oblong or spathulate, shiny green or reddish and sticky. Insignificant flowers; fruit papery, reddish-brown and abundant.
Male and female flowers occur on separate bushes. May be propagated from seed or cuttings. Common in dry rocky situations especially near the coast in the east. Also grows in all mainland states and New Zealand.





PULTENAEA DAPHNOIDES
var. OBCORDATA            Fabaceae
Heartleaf bushpea

Erect shrub with semi-erect branches to 3m tall. Leaves cuneate, flat, 1-2cm long, up to 1cm wide, midrib ending in a small abrupt point, often light green, usually glabrous,underside paler. Pea flowers in terminal heads surrounded by small bracts, golden yellow with reddish markings on the standard, purplish brown keel almost hidden by the wings. Pod ovate, short, softly hairy.

Flowering October-November. Widespread in shaded habitats and on hillsides at low altitudes. 
Tas, Vic, NSW, Qld, SA.

Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club. 

Pultenaea daphnoides var. obcordata


PULTENAEA JUNIPERINA
Prickly Beauty.  (Fabaceae) 

One of about 120 species ranging from prostrate to tall, woody shrubs. Their bright yellow and brownish/red blooms earned them the nickname of 'Bacon and Eggs'.  Juniperina is a short, prickly shrub which sends up shoots from underground stems and so forms dense thickets. Leaves are crowded, narrow, spreading from right angles to the stem, pointed, concave above and about 1 cm long. Flowers are large, almost 1 cm across, solitary or several together but often numerous and showy. Widespread from sea-level to mountain plateaux

Pultenaea juniperina


Epacris impressa (red form) EPACRIS IMPRESSA
Common Heath
(Epacridaceae)
Epacris impressa (white form)
A very variable shrub with few branches, usually under 1 m tall. It has showy red, pink or white tubular flowers and hard sharp leaves. It can flower all year but is at its best in spring. Common in many situations from sandy heathlands to moist but well-drained sites on quartzite mountains in the west of Tasmania. It is considered difficult to propagate from cuttings but seed is said to germinate better when fresh. The red flowering form is the floral emblem of the state of Victoria.
Epacris impressa double form
E. impressa (Double form)

 
Daviesia latifolia DAVIESIA LATIFOLIA

Native Hop, Bitter Leaf

(Fabaceae
-Faboideae)

Daviesia latifolia
A common pea flower with very numerous small brown and yellow flowers in axilliary racemes, and broad leathery leaves. A shrub 1-2 m high with angular and spreading branches . Leaves broadly elliptical or obovate, dark olive green, network of veins visible on both surfaces, margins crenate. Racemes of flowers 3-6 cm long, 2-3 cm across, each flower small, purplish-brown and yellow about 4 mm across, subtended by a small bract. Pod triangular and flat, up to 10 mm. The name Native Hop may have arisen from the papery appearance of masses of flat young developing pods and the bracts beneath them. Leaves and heads of flowers were used to make infusions in the early days of settlement, used as medicine, or a bitter tasting substitute for hops, reported to have a purgative effect. Flowering October-November. Widespread and common on roadside banks. (Tas, Vic, NSW, Qld)
(Information courtesy Launceston Field Naturalist Club)

PATERSONIA FRAGILIS                        Iridaceae
Short Purpleflag

Patersonia fragilis
Perennial iris with short woody rhizome, tufted grass-like leaves and flowers low in the tuft.
Leaves thick and firm, flattened or cylindrical, ribbed, pale green or grey-green, 15-30cm long, pointed.
Flower stem shorter than leaves, 2 long bracts enclosing flowers that open in succession. Flowers 3.5cm diameter, blue- mauve, perianth of 6 segments, the outer 3 large, rounded and spreading, the inner ones tiny and erect.
Fruit an angular capsule breaking into 3 segments and curling back, still enclosed in the long brown bracts.
Flowering August-January.
Widespread in sandy wet heathlands, coastal to lower elevations inland.
TAS, VIC, NSW, QLD, SA
Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club.


EPACRIS VIRGATA                                         Epacridaceae                                       Pretty Heath
Epacris virgata

A small white heath up to 60cm high with slender upright branches. Leaves narrow-oblanceolate, spreading or semi-erect 4-6mm long, flat, tips pointed but not prickly. Delicate white tubular flowers, solitary in numerous axils along lengths of stem or terminating short branches.

Bracts and sepals ovate, corolla tube as long as calyx, lobes spreading with blunt tips, flowers 6mm across, anthers protruding, dark coloured.

Flowering September-October.

Restricted to damp places in foothills of the Asbestos Range,  north of Launceston.
Tas Endemic.

Information courtesy of  the Launceston Field Naturalists Club.



PART 1      PART 2            PART 3             PART 4               PART 5        PART 6        PART 7     PART 8
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