GROUNDCOVERS - Part two
CORONIDIUM SCORPIOIDES                                            Asteraceae
Curling Everlasting

Coronidium scorpioides
A conspicuous, solitary yellow daisy with curling phyllaries (bracts)

Ht.10-30cm  W.50-75cm

Leaves:  Crowded at the base, more widely spread on the flower stem, grey-green, soft, usually with
cottony hairs on both surfaces.
Flowers:  Solitary yellow flower heads, 2-3cm across, the central part surrounded by curled papery
bracts.
Flowering:  Late spring/summer.
Fruit:  An achene (a small indehiscent one-seeded dry fruit, thin walled, formed from one carpel.)

Habitat/Distribution:  Widespread in understory in a wide variety of habitats to sea level to alpine.
Also SA, Vic, NSW

Cultivation:  Hardy, spreading ground cover.  Prune after flowering to maintain carpet effect.
Propagation by division or seed.
Information Tasmania’s Natural Flora publication.



PIMELEA FILIFORMIS                 Thymelaeaceae

Pimelea filiformis
     
A prostrate or scrambling plant forming small flat clumps, bearing clustered pale pink flowers on very slender stems. Bark light brown to grey. leaves narrow-elliptical, light green, paler underneath, 6-12 mm long. Flowers in clusters of 6-9, each flower tubular 5 mm long with one stamen only. Flower tubes and buds deep pink. Fruit dry.
Flowering November-December. Very local distribution in northern Tasmania, on hills each side of the Tamar.
Tas endemic.
         Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club.

MYOPORUM PARVIFOLIUM                Myoporaceae
(Syn. M.  humili)

Prostrate plant with trailing stems 1 metre or more, sometimes reddish in colour..
Flowers:  5 mm dia. white star shaped.
Fruits: 6 mm dia. purple fruits.
Leaves:  2 cm oblong.
Cultivation: Propagate from cuttings.
Prefers sunny, well-drained position. Plant at 1 metre centres for dense coverage.
Distribution: Flinder's Island (Tas), Vic. SA. WA


Myoporum parvifolium

CALOCEPHALUS LACTEUS                Asteraceae
Milky Beautyheads

Calocephalus lacteus
Sprawling grassland daisy forming dense grey-green mats with aromatic foliage. Leaves linear with blunt tip, sticky, both surfaces covered in grey woolly hairs.  Flowers forming milky white dense balls on upright flowering stems, individually tiny yellowish flowers only visible when fully open.

GERANIUM POTENTILLOIDES                        Geraniaceae
Mountain cranesbill

Geranium potentilloides
One of three in this group of delicate groundcovers (potentilloides, retrorsum, solanderi), potentilloides has leaves like Potentilla, cinquefoil and is a montane plant although it also occurs at lower altitudes. Leaves are dissected into 3-7 lobes, not cut to the base like the other two. Flowers are solitary and very pale pink to white. Flowering in spring.

HYDROCOTYLE SIBTHORPIOIDES            Apiaceae
Shining Pennywort

Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides
Low ground-hugging plant, often forming dense mats in damp places in grasslands,wetlands and woodlands. Leaves glossy and hairless above, sometimes slightly hairy below, deeply lobed leaves. Tiny flowers in clusters of 3-7.
Other Pennyworts are:  H. hirta (Hairy), H.muscosa (Mossy), Callicarpa (Tiny) which are generally found in similar situations.



HYPERICUM GRAMINEUM                        Clusiaceae
Small St. Johns Wort

Hypericum gramineum
Hairless perennial herb with 4-angled slender stems to about 30cm tall, Leaves oblong-lanceolate to 2cm long, opposite and stem-clasping. Flower terminal on long rigid stalk, usually solitary, 1.5cm diameter, 5 yellow rounded petals, more than 20 spreading stamens surrounding the ovary, styles 3. Fruit an ovoid capsule.



Flowering October-December. Widespread in grassy places. 
All States, NZ, south-east Asia and New Caledonia


Information courtesy of Launceston Field Naturalists Club.
Hypericum gramineum flower


.
RHODANTHE ANTHEMOIDES                Asteraceae
Chamomile Sunray

Rhodanthe anthemoides
A perennial everlasting daisy with a woody rootstock from which rise many smooth erect slender unbranched stems, 20-40cm high.  Leaves smooth, blunt, bluish-green, alternate, narrow-linear, 6-15mm long, Delicate white flower heads with small yellow discs 15-25mm wide, outer bracts broad, white, papery and tinged with pale brown.
Flowering January-February. Widespread, occasional in lowlands and abundant in montane grassland.        Tas, Vic, NSW, Qld.


Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists  Club


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