FUNGI - WOODLAND - part 2

            ARMILLARIA LUTEOBUBALINA                                                   Agaricus             
                    Australian Honey Fungus

Armillaria luteobubalina







On dead or living wood, these large agarics form clusters around tree bases.  The usually yellow-brown cap has a broad umbo; scattered minute scales on its surface feel like sandpaper.  Below the membranous ring, the stem is dark, tough and fibrous.

Spores are white and gills cream, often with rusty marks. Caps to 100mm across, sometimes more, convex, becoming broadly convex to flattened and covered with a pattern of small wart-like scales. Size of the fruit bodies varies according to the size and density of the colony.

A common but aggressive plant parasite, spreading from infected plants through their roots and may invade gardens and orchards, where it can do much damage.


Image: A Field Guide to Australian Fungi
Bruce Fuhrer

AMANITA MUSCARIA     NB: POISONOUS
Pluteaceae
Fly Agaric

Caps to 200mm across.  The striking scarlet caps are now a familiar sight under a variety of introduced trees (pines, birches and beeches etc.) This exotic fungus, introduced from the Northern Hemisphere, has now become associated with native trees, mainly Nothofagus in Tasmania and Victoria, invading undisturbed rainforest, where it appears to be displacing indigenous mycorrhizal fungi. Distorted forms are often found. Spores ellipsoidal, smooth. Spore print white.

(Information courtesy of Australian Fungi - Bruce Fuhrer.) 

Amanita muscaria


             DALDINIA GRANDIS                                                           Ascomycetes
Daldinia grandis

Daldinia grandis interior

The rounded, pinkish brown, hard fruit bodies (to 6cm diam.) of this wood-inhabiting species become black with age and are covered with minute ostioles (the openings through which the spores are released).  Concentric growth zones are seen when the fruit body is cut in half.

(Information courtesy of A Field Guide to Tasmanian Fungi Genevieve Gates & David Ratkowsky)


RAINFOREST FUNGI                  MORE RAINFOREST FUNGI                            WOODLAND FUNGI PART 1
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