Dianella revoluta

DIANELLA REVOLUTA var. REVOLUTA            Lilaceae
Spreading flax-lily

A tufted plant with leathery leaves, usually dark green above, up to 60 cm long, folded down the centre and edges curved backwards.
Plants of this lily often form large colonies in forests and woodlands, branched stems overtopping the foliage with numerous small star-like blue flowers, stamens with short swollen yellow stalks and dark anthers. Usually only a few flowers are open at the one time.

(10 mm.) berry fruits, dark blue, oval-round,  containing shiny black seeds
Flowering: late spring and early summer - fruit mainly in summer.
Propagation: by division or from seed.
Most soil conditions are satisfactory for these hardy plants.

Dianella tasmanica
Dianella tasmanica berries

DIANELLA TASMANICA                    Liliaceae
Blue Flax Lily

A blue lily with hard linear leaves arising from underground rhizomes, forming dense clumps and tussocks, sometimes covering large areas of wet hillsides.
Leaves: long and more or less folded along the midrib, arranged in two opposite rows, the leaf margins and mid-rib rough with small teeth.
Blue flowers 8 mm across are in spreading panicles; each flower has 6 petaloid segments,
6 yellow stamens and central ovary. Base of each yellow stamen is thickened, the anther
oblong and yellow.
Fruit: a purple-blue ovoid berry.
Flowering: spring-summer.
Widespread and common, especially in wetter areas on rocky hillsides, sea level to mountain foothills.  Plants may be invasive in the garden.
Tas; Vic; NSW
Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club.

LOBELIA GIBBOSA        Lobeliaceae   
Tall Lobelia or False Orchid

Lobelia gibbosa
    Photo:  J & R Coghlan

Description: Erect herb to 65 cm high, glabrous; stems often reddish.

Leaves few, linear to narrow-lanceolate, rarely narrow-elliptic, 1–7 cm long, 1–3.5 mm wide, margins entire; ± sessile.

Inflorescence raceme-like, 1-sided; pedicels usually 2–20 mm long. Calyx lobes 2–5 mm long. Corolla 2-lipped, 10–20 mm long, pale blue to deep violet, throat ± pilose; lower median lobe longest, 4.5–11 mm long; 2 upper lobes scarcely as long as tube,
recurved. All anthers with a dense brush of apical hairs.

Capsule obliquely obovoid, swollen on upper side, 5–12 mm long. Seeds brown, irregularly angular, surface reticulate.
Flowering: Oct.–Mar.

Grows chiefly in woodland and dry sclerophyll forest on sandy soils; widespread, from sea level to subalpine areas.
NSW Qld Vic. Tas. W.A. S.A. N.T.

(Information NSW Flora Online)

Arthropodium milleflorum

ARTHROPODIUM MILLEFLORUM                Liliaceae
Pale vanilla-lily
(arthro jointed podium foot - articulated flower stalks)
(mille-florum -  thousand flowers)

A perennial lily of dry forests and woodlands with a semi-upright or lax basal tuft of strap-like leaves. Flower stems to 50 cm with small delicate star-shaped flowers on long stiffly spreading stalks.
Flower parts white, 3 of them pinkish outside. Stamens densely white and hairy.
Tasmanian plants differ from those on the mainland.
Flowering: spring or early summer. Flowers are strongly vanilla-scented on warm days.
Propagation from seed or by division (tubers).
Most soils and aspects suitable 

ARTHROPODIUM MINUS                               Liliaceae
Small Vanilla Lily
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus

A small tufted perennial herb with round tuberous roots, stalk-less at the crown.
Ht  20-35cm  W.10-20cm Leaves narrow strap-like, up to 15cm long x 5mm wide, from basal tuft.

Flowers:  Purple/white, 1-2 per node on a 1.5cm long stalk from stems up to 35cm long.  Sepals and petals similar.

Flowering:  Spring/summer.
Fruit:  A capsule.

Habitat/Distribution:  Open dry rocky areas with a light canopy cover, of the east, North and Midlands.  Also SA, Vic, NSW.

Tolerates dry conditions.
Propagate from seed or division.

Smaller in all its parts and growing in drier conditions than A. milleflorum.
Flower stalks not jointed.

Brunonia australis

BRUNONIA AUSTRALIS          Brunoniaceae
Blue Pincushion

Perennial herb with basal rosette and slender flower stems bearing a round cluster of blue flowers like a pincushion. Leaves grey-green, pubescent (slightly hairy)on both sides, to 50 cm tall with a terminal head of small sky blue tubular flowers with 5 narrow long spreading lobes. Anthers form a tube around the purple style that protrudes above the level of the petals..making the pins on the cushion.

Flowering November-December. Very localised in the north of Tasmania, on sandy soils or gravels in dry eucalypt forests, especially Eucalyptus amygdalina (Black Peppermint).
Named for the early botanist Robert Brown. Occurs in all Australian States.
Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club
Brunonia australis flowerhead

GOMPHOLOBIUM HUEGELII                Fabaceae
Common Wedgepea

Gompholobium huegelii
Small, glabrous (without hairs), leafy undershrub to 30 cm tall, with a woody base and spreading or ascending branches. Leaves infoliate with narrow leaflets 1.5 cm long, dark green.  Pea flowers terminal, solitary or 2 together, on long stalks, usually creamy yellow, typically shaded black on the outside. Pod ovoid, fat. Flowering November. Widespread in sandy heathland and light forests. A form with bright yellow flowers and blue-green leaves occurs on ironstone gravels.
Tas, Vic, NSW

The other species of Gompholobium recorded from Tasmania is only found on Flinders Island. This is G. ecostatum which has red flowers. Like many of Australia's attractive wildflowers the stronghold of this genus is in Western Australia with about 16 species.

Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club and Woodland Wildflowers
(Identikit by APS Hobart)

A herb with long flowering branches and blue bell-shaped flowers about 3 cm in diameter
and much branched at ground level. Leaves are noticeably serrated and mainly confined to the base of the plant. The blue flowers are very prominent, consisting of a tube which is about 10 mm long, and lobes about 15 mm long . The outer surface of the flower is a paler blue than the inside.
Habitat: Grassy woodlands.
Flowering:  summer.
Cultivation: may be propagated from seed.

Note: there are about 8 species of Wahlenbergia in Tasmania. Most are similar to W.stricta except that several species have much smaller flowers. They are notable for flowering in mid-summer in dry places, adding splashes of blue where there would otherwise be very little colour.
The Tasmanian bluebells are related to the Campanula or harebell of the northern hemisphere and tropical mountains.


Wahlenbergia stricta
   Photo courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club.

        LINUM MARGINALE                 Linaceae
      Wild Flax

Linum marginale
  Photo courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club.

This slender herb,  30-60 cm tall, has blue flowers, smooth slender blue-green hairless
stems and narrow leaves 5-25 mm long.
Flowers 5-petalled, blue, long stalked in terminal clusters.
Stamens 5, joined at the base, ovary of 5 fused carpels with spreading stigmas.
Flowering: spring-summer.
Widespread and common in temperate Australia.
Often found growing near Wahlenbergia.

CENTAURIUM spp.                  Gentianacae

Slender, herbaceous plants, 30-40 cm high with entire opposite narrow-ovate leaves about 2 cm long, stem clasping and forming basal rosettes which persist or have withered by flowering time in different species.
Flowers: pink, tubular, 5-petalled in flat cymes, followed by delicate 2-valved seed
Flowering: spring-summer. Widespread in coastal heaths and grasslands.

One native and two introduced species in Tasmania. This globally endemic genus is widespread in temperate and subtropical regions and in chalk and limestone areas of England..

Information courtesy of the Launceston Field Naturalists Club

Centaurium spp.

PERSOONIA JUNIPERINA                    Proteaceae
Prickly Geebung

Persoonia juniperina
There are about 98 species in this genus, almost all endemic to Australia, and varying in size from prostrate plants to large shrubs and small trees and can occur in climates from sub-tropical to cool.
Persoonia  (named after Christian Persoon from South Africa). Juniperina leaves like Juniper).

This is a sparse knee-high shrub in black peppermint forests (Eucalyptus amygdalina) but only ever scattered individuals at a location. Leaves are bluish-green, rigid, narrow with sharp tips.  Flowers yellow, tubular with curling lobes, and clustered at the base of the leaves, particularly at the ends of the branches with a strong, heavy scent. Fruit - a green to purplish berry


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