FUNGI - WOODLAND
POLYPORUS BADIUS
Fruit bodies to 150 mm across, with one to several brackets arising from a common base. Surface at first pale brown, becoming darker with age. Stem usually short, brown-black, felty. Found on dead wood.

Polyporus badius
P. badius environment
     Typical environment for Polyporus badius


OMPHALIMA UMBELLIFERA
A lichenised fungus which is very common on bare ground such as bushtracks and rabbit mounds. Caps up to 15mm, depressed to funnel-shaped. Although small is very conspicuous because of its bright colour.

Omphalina umbellifera


MARASMIUS OREADES
May be an introduced species. It is now common in pastures, lawns and nature strips where it forms ‘fairy rings’ of dead grass. This fungus will appear after good rains throughout the year. Fibrous, tough texture.

Marasmius oreades


TREMELLA MESENTERICA GROUP        Tremellaceae                                   Yellow Brain

Members of this group of fungi are gelatinous in texture and appearance, have a very high water content and are usually found on wood. The fertile tissue covers the greater part of the surface in convoluted forms, but only the lower surface of bracket forms. (The Tremella mesenterica group includes T. aurantia; the 2 species can only be distinguished microscopically)

Fruit bodies variable in size. In dry forest it forms small  compact colonies on dead twigs and branches. In moist to wet forests it forms much larger, brain-like masses on dead logs and branches. The colour is deep orange, becoming paler as the fruit bodies enlarge.

Tremella mesenterica


RHIZOPOGON  LUTEOLUS             Rhizoponaceae                                                  False truffle

Fruit bodies to c.50mm across, usually half-immersed in soil. Texture rubbery and sponge-like, internally consisting of small chambers. Immature specimens white inside but soft brown when mature.  Associated with pine trees and plantations where often common
.
Rhizopogon luteolus


      SCLERODERMA SPP                       Sclerodermataceae                       An earthball
      In woodland and gardens

Scleroderma spp



GYMNOPILUS JUNONIUS         Cortinariaceae
Giant  Gold Cap

Gymnopilus junonius
Caps to 400mm across, finely fibrillose-scaly, subglobose at first then deeply convex and finally irregularly flattened. Gills golden-yellow. (see image below)
Stems very bulbous when young.
The fungus often forms spectacular, densely caespitos (several fruit bodies arising from a common base) colonies on dead wood, particularly on and around stumps of harvested hardwood trees. Sometimes a weak parasite of living trees.
Spores ellipsoidal, warty. Spore print mustard yellow.
(Information courtesy of Australian Fungi - Bruce Fuhrer.)
Gymnopilus junonius gills



RAINFOREST FUNGI                  MORE RAINFOREST FUNGI                           WOODLAND FUNGI PART 2
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